April 2018 Ez Cup – workplace addiction
College is stressful enough, but for student athletes, the pressure to do well in school, coupled with the rigorous demands placed on them by coaches and professors, often leads them to seek out ways to cope.
Some turn to drugs to help them deal with the psychological pressures, while others turn to drugs to enhance their performance on the field, court or wherever they may play.
The NCAA, which shares drug testing responsibilities with schools, spends more than $6 million a year on drug testing and education.
The NCAA bans the following classes of drugs:
Stimulants: amphetamine (Adderall); caffeine (guarana); cocaine; ephedrine; methamphetamine; methylphenidate (Ritalin); synephrine (bitter orange); dimethylamylamine (DMAA, methylhexanamine); “bath salts” (mephedrone); Octopamine; hordenine; dimethylbutylamine (DMBA, AMP, 4-amino methylpentane citrate); phenethylamines (PEAs); dimethylhexylamine (DMHA, Octodrine) etc.
Anabolic Agents: Androstenedione; boldenone; clenbuterol; DHEA (7-Keto); epi-trenbolone; testosterone; etiocholanolone; methasterone; methandienone; nandrolone; norandrostenedione; stanozolol; stenbolone; trenbolone; SARMS (ostarine, ligandrol, LGD-4033); etc.
Alcohol and Beta Blockers (banned for rifle only): alcohol; atenolol; metoprolol; nadolol; pindolol; propranolol; timolol; etc.
Diuretics and Other Masking Agents: bumetanide; chlorothiazide; furosemide; hydrochlorothiazide; probenecid; spironolactone (canrenone); triameterene; trichlormethiazide; etc.
Street Drugs: heroin; marijuana; tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); synthetic cannabinoids (e.g., spice, K2, JWH-018, JWH-073)
Peptide Hormones and Analogues: growth hormone(hGH); human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG); erythropoietin (EPO); IGF-1 (colostrum); etc.
Anti-estrogens: anastrozole; tamoxifen; formestane; ATD, clomiphene; SERMS (nolvadex); Arimidex; clomid; evista; fulvestrant; aromatase inhibitors (Androst-3,5-dien-7,17-dione), letrozole; etc.
Beta-2 Agonists: bambuterol; formoterol; salbutamol; salmeterol; higenamine; norcoclaurine; etc.
This is not a complete list and the NCAA is quick to point out that “any substance that is chemically related to the class, even if it is not listed as an example, is also banned.”
Student athletes who want to take dietary supplements should consider that because they are not well regulated, they may be contaminated with banned drugs that are not listed on the label and may cause a positive drug test result.
The penalties vary depending on what drugs an athlete tests positive for.
Testing positive for a performance-enhancing drug causes the student athlete to lose one full year of eligibility for the first offense. A second positive test for a PED results in the loss of all remaining eligibility.
Testing positive for a substance in the street drug class results in the withholding from competition for 50 percent of the season in all sports in which the athlete participates. A second positive test results in the loss of a year of eligibility.
Athletes caught tampering with an NCAA drug test are declared ineligible for further participation in post-season and regular season competition for two years
Athletes who do not show up for, or who refuse to provide a sample, will be penalized as if he or she tested positive for a performance-enhancing drug.
While many high schools have been conducting random drug testing on student athletes for years, many more are just now adding the requirement. However, unlike with the NCAA, each school district is responsible for its own testing guidelines and punishments for those who test positive.
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